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Hernia


Causas y factores de riesgo

Cualquier cosa que provoca un aumento de la presión intraabdominal puede provocar una hernia.  Entre los principales factores de riesgo se incluyen:9

  • Antecedentes familiares de hernia
  • Ser de sexo masculino
  • Obesidad
  • Embarazo
  • Levantar objetos pesados, toser, hacer esfuerzos
  • Fibrosis quística e infecciones pulmonares crónicas
  • Cirugía abdominal previa
  • Trastornos del colágeno10
  • Fumar10


 


Referencias

  1. Beadles CA, Meagher AD, Charles AG. Trends in Emergent Hernia Repair in the United States. JAMA Surg.2015;150(3):194-200.
  2. Chan Y, Durbin-Johnson B, Kurzrock EA. Pediatric inguinal and scrotal surgery – Practice patterns in U.S. academic centers.J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Nov;51(11):1786-1790.
  3. Kahrilas PJ, Kim HC, Pandolfino JC. Approaches to the diagnosis and grading of hiatal hernia. Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology. Volumen 22, Número 4, agosto de 2008, pp 601–616.
  4. Lomanto D, Shabbir IA, Cheah WK. Laparoscopic versus open ventral hernia mesh repair: a prospective study. Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques. Julio de 2006, Volumen 20, Número 7, pp 1030–1035.
  5. Pediatric Umbilical Hernia Repair.  American College of Surgeons Division of Education. Revisado en abril de 2013.
  6. Mudge M, Hughes LE. Incisional hernia: A 10 year prospective study of incidence and attitudes. British Journal of Surgery.  Enero de 1985, Volumen 72, Número 1.
  7. Inguinal hernia repair: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Extraído el 9 de noviembre de 2016, de https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007406.htm
  8. Kovachev, L.S. (2014) The Femoral Hernia: Some Necessary Additions. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 5, 752-765.
  9. Pluta RM, Burke AE, Golub RM. Abdominal Hernia. JAMA. 2011;305(20):2130.
  10. Jones D. Anatomy and pathophysiology of hernias. In: Fischer J, ed. Hernia: Master of techniques in surgery. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013:1-6.
  11. Incarcerated and Strangulated Hernias in Children. A Statistical Study of High-Risk Factors Arch Surg. 1970;101(2):136-139.
  12. Fitzgibbons Jr RB, Ramanan B, Arya S. Long-term results of a randomized controlled trial of a non-operative strategy (watchful waiting) for men with minimally symptomatic inguinal hernias. Annals of Surgery. Volumen 258(3), septiembre de 2013, pp 508–515.
  13. de Sá Ribeiro, F.A., de Araujo Fernandes, B. and de Araujo Simões Corrêa, J.P. (2014) Inguinal Hernia Repair with Local Anesthesia in the Outpatient—10 Year Experience. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 5, 644-649.
  14. Nawaz T, Ayub MW, Murad F, Ali Q, Khan A, Anwar I. Comparison of laparoscopic total extra peritoneal (TEP) techniques versus transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) technique for inguinal hernia repair 2005, Número 1. Journal of Rawalpindi Medical College (JRMC); 2015;19(3):220-222.
  15. Tran H. Safety and efficacy of single incision laparoscopic surgery for total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair.  Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons. 2011;15(1), pp 47-52.
  16. Arcerito M, Changchien E, Bernal O,Konkoly-Thege A, Moon J. Robotic inguinal hernia repair: technique and early experience. Am Surg. Oct. de 2016; 82(10), pp 1014-1017.